Original Research

Influence of proactive personality and career calling on employees’ job performance: A moderated mediation model based on job crafting

Haibo Yu, Changli Yan, Zhenhua Dong, Yue Hou, Xiaoyu Guan
South African Journal of Business Management | Vol 53, No 1 | a2533 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/sajbm.v53i1.2533 | © 2022 Haibo Yu, Changli Yan, Zhenhua Dong, Yue Hou, Xiaoyu Guan | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 06 January 2021 | Published: 28 April 2022

About the author(s)

Haibo Yu, School of Government, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
Changli Yan, School of Government, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China
Zhenhua Dong, School of Government, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China; and, School of Economics and Management, Shandong Women’s University, Jinan, China
Yue Hou, AVIC International Holding Corporation, Beijing, China
Xiaoyu Guan, AVIC International Holding Corporation, Beijing,, China


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Abstract

Purpose: Based on self-determination theory, this study sought to clarify the internal mechanism of the impact of proactive personality and career calling on job performance from both personality traits and intrinsic motivation perspectives, highlight the important role of job crafting as an individual’s proactive behaviour, and demonstrate the supporting role of organisational embeddedness as an external environmental factor.

Design/methodology/approach: Hierarchical regression analysis and bootstrap-based path analysis were used to test the above hypotheses on 292 employees in China.

Findings/results: The results show that proactive personality and career calling had significant positive effects on employees’ job performance, and job crafting was a full mediator in both paths, with significantly different mediation effects. Organisational embeddedness moderated this mediating effect.

Practical implications: This study provides references for employees and organisations to continuously improve their job performance. Organisations need to address job crafting behaviours and create related supporting atmospheres.

Originality/value: This study explored the mechanisms that affect career outcomes from both personality traits and intrinsic motivation aspects. The theoretical model verifies the value of individual intrinsic motivation and autonomous behaviour, and confirms the theory of self-determination. The study also extends the existing career theory by breaking through the one-sidedness of the previous theory that emphasises only the role of the organisation, but highlights the crucial importance of employees’ subjective initiatives.


Keywords

job crafting; proactive personality; career calling; job performance; organisational embeddedness

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